The World Of Nuts

We all have a deep passion for nuts and why not especially when you look at the health benefits of nuts and how good they are for the mind, body and Soul. As they say, dynamite comes in small packages.

They have been part of mankind for over 780,000 years. So let’s dig into the amazing structure of nuts looking at benefits such as protein, mineral, nutrients and health of nuts and why they are such great food sources.

Which Nuts are Not Nuts but we call them Nuts.

Nuts are defined as a simple, dry fruit with one seed (very occasionally two) in which the seed case wall becomes very hard at maturity. True nuts include pecan, sweet chestnut, beech, acorns, hazel, hornbeam and alder. Peanuts, almonds, pistachios, cashews, horse chestnuts and pine nuts are not nuts.

In common use, a “tree nut” is, as the name implies, any nut coming from a tree. This most often comes up regarding allergies, where some people are allergic specifically to peanuts, others to a wider range of nuts that grow in trees.

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Wikipedia definition of Nuts.

nut is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In general usage, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical context “nut” implies that the shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent). The translation of “nut” in certain languages frequently requires paraphrases, as the word is ambiguous.

Most seeds come from fruits that naturally free themselves from the shell, unlike nuts such as hazelnutschestnuts, and acorns, which have hard shell walls and originate from a compound ovary. The general and original usage of the term is less restrictive, and many nuts (in the culinary sense), such as almondspecanspistachioswalnuts, and Brazil nuts,[1] are not nuts in a botanical sense. Common usage of the term often refers to any hard-walled, edible kernel as a nut. ( Wikipedia)

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Nutrition Summary.

Micronutrient details for the following nuts.

Type of Nut Carbs                       Keal Protein                     Fat                       Omega 6:3
Almonds 6.1                               16.1 5.9                                12.4                              52.1
Pistachio 7.8                              156 5.8                                12.4                              52:1
Peanuts 158                              4.6  7.1                                13.6                              776:1
Pecans 193                              3.9 2.6                                20.2                              21:1
Pine Nuts 188                              3.7 3.8                                19.1                              300:1
Brazil Nuts 184                              3.4 4.0                                18.6                             1116:1
Cashew Nuts  155                             9.2  5.1                                12.3                              10:1
Hazelnuts 176                              4.7 4.2                                 17                              90:1

Almonds

Almonds trees are native to the Mediterranean region. Almond trees can be found in the following locations West Africa, North Africa and the Mediterranean region. The Romans call Almonds the Greek nut because it was first discovered in Greece.

When do Almonds get Harvested?

Depending upon variety, almonds are ready for harvest from early August to late September. Harvest should begin when about 95 percent of the nuts have hulls that have split open to expose the in-shell almond inside. Hull split begins in the top of the tree and progresses downward.

The first step to harvesting is to gather what they call a drupe in botany a drupe is an indehiscent fruit an outer fleshy part surrounds a single shell. The second Step they spread a net under the tree in the old days the farm works would shake the tree but times have changed and now they use a tractor.

Health Benefits of Almonds.

Calories 161 calories
Carbohydrate 6.1 grams
Fiber 3.4 grams
Protein 5.9 grams
Total Fat 13.8 grams
Omega-3 1.7 milligrams
Omega-6 3378 milligrams
Omega 6 to 3 Ratio 1987: 1

Almonds also contain the following major nutrients;

  • Vitamin E: 37% RDA
  • Manganese: 32% RDA
  • Magnesium: 19% RDA
  • Vitamin B2: 17% RDA
  • Copper: 14% RDA
  • Phosphorus: 14% RDA.
  • Almonds have some very beneficial impacts on blood sugar. Research shows that they reduce blood sugar and insulin levels in diabetics as well as non-diabetics.
  • As high blood sugar and insulin levels are associated with every major chronic disease this is a great benefit.
  • Further to this, people consuming almonds show lower levels of oxidative damage, a healthier lipid profile, and higher satiety levels.

Pistachio’s

To me, personal l think they have to be one of the sexiest nuts alive with their greens and reds and that taste oh wow come on you know what l talking about.

The pistachio tree is native to western Asia and Asia Minor, from Syria to the Caucasus and Afghanistan. Archaeological evidence in Turkey indicates the nuts were being used for food as early as 7,000 B.C. The pistachio was introduced to Italy from Syria early in the first century A.D.

When does Pistachio get Harvested?

When to harvest pistachios. Pistachios develop in early summer and ripen in late August or September nearly everywhere in the world, with the exception of Australia. In that case, pistachio harvesting generally takes place in February.

Different from other types of nuts, pistachios usually come in their shell.

Calories 156 calories
Carbohydrate 7.8 grams
Fiber 2.9 grams
Protein 5.8 grams
Total Fat 12.4 grams
Omega-3 71.1 milligrams
Omega-6 3696 milligrams
Omega 6 to 3 Ratio 52 : 1

Pistachios provide the following nutrients per ounce;

  • Vitamin B6: 24% RDA
  • Copper: 18% RDA
  • Manganese: 17% RDA
  • Vitamin B1: 16% RDA
  • Phosphorus: 14% RDA
  • Magnesium: 8% RDA

 Health Benefits

  • Salted pistachios are delicious!
  • Replacing carbohydrate-based snacks with pistachios significantly reduces circulating triglyceride levels.
  • A randomized trial suggests that pistachios may have a positive impact on exercise performance, and on oxidative stress levels following exercise.
  • A further randomized trial found that pistachios “beneficially affect CVD risk factors in a dose-dependent manner”
  • Randomized controlled trials show that a daily serving of pistachios significantly reduces LDL-oxidation in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Peanuts

Throughout the world, l would guess that the peanut is the most renowned nut but technically it is a legume.

Peas, beans, and peanuts are all examples of legumes. A legume is a type of food that comes from a specific type of plant that is also called a legume. Legumes come from the family Leguminosae, and a trait all legumes share is that they grow in a type of pod.

How Are Peanuts grown and Harvested?

Planting: From planting to harvesting, peanuts spend 4 to 5 months in the ground beginning as a single seed and maturing into a plant with often more than 50 peanuts. Seeds are planted in April or May when soil temperatures reach 65°t to 70°F

They are usually available either salted, dry-roasted or as a nut butter,

Calories 158 calories
Carbohydrate 4.6 grams
Fiber 2.4 grams
Protein 7.1 grams
Total Fat 13.6 grams
Omega-3 5.3 milligrams
Omega-6 4111 milligrams
Omega 6 to 3 Ratio 776 : 1

Peanuts are not technically a nut; they are a legume. However, as they are known as a nut in popular culture, they make the list.

Per ounce, the most significant nutrients in peanuts are;

  • Manganese: 24% RDA
  • Vitamin B3: 17% RDA
  • Vitamin B9: 17% RDA
  • Copper: 16% RDA
  • Magnesium: 12% RDA
  • Vitamin B1: 12% RDA

 Health Benefits

  • A cardiovascular risk intervention group were provided with peanuts for a 3 or 8-week study. Participants all experienced lower triglyceride levels and increased serum levels of minerals, particularly magnesium.
  • Peanut butter is a tasty and (depending on the product) healthy way to get more nuts into the diet.

Pecan Nuts.
Did you Know that the pecan nut name originate from the Native American. It is considered to be the most valuable nut in North America.

07/15/2003: Pecan Orchard in Southern New Mexico (Photo by Darren Phillips)

The Native American describe the pecan nut as the Algonquin origin. Any nut that had a hard shell would fall under that name. The Native America would use a sharp rock to crack open the hard shell.

Recipe for Warm Pecan Nuts.
. Preheat oven to 350 degrees
. Lightly spritz baking sheet with cooking spray to toast pecans, put them on a baking sheet and toast just until they become aromatic about 5 minutes.
. You have to watch them carefully as they are easily scorched.

Harvest Pecans
The shucks may open before the nut shell turns brown so wait before you harvest them. The pecan harvest usually starts late September and continues through November.

Pecans are one of the most popular types of nuts in baking and for desserts. However, they taste just great on their own.

Pecans provide a larger amount of vitamins and minerals.

Manganese: 63% RDA
Copper: 17% RDA
Vitamin B1: 12% RDA
Zinc: 8% RDA
Magnesium: 8% RDA
Phosphorus: 8% RDA

Studies have shown that pecan nuts are one of the most antioxidants rich nuts in today existence to our body’s immune system.

Pecan nuts are a rich source of many phytochemical substances that may contribute to their overall antioxidant activity, including polyphenolic antioxidant elegiac acid, vitamin E, beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Research studies have been suggestive of that these compounds help the body remove toxic oxygen-free radicals and thus, protect the body from diseases, cancers, as well as infections.

Pine Nuts

The pine nut came to be a useful staple food because only after the people learned how to harvest the nut prior to the final ripening stage of the cone. The technology for achieving a pine-nut harvest was messy and complex, and it was practiced communally. In fact, pine-nut harvest defined the great social time of the year, being the greatest gathering of the people in the concentrated areas of sacred lowland pinyon forest. People went to the forests in the early fall before the cones had fully ripened and dropped. They began with “first fruit” celebrations that confirmed the sacred significance of the food and established their respect for the forests. (information by Pinenut.com)

Common Species: there are about 115 Pine species, but only about 20 of them are useful for nut production. I have 16 of them listed below, and the most important Nut Pines (largest nuts, highest producers, easily found for planting, etc.) are in bold:
Chinese White Pine (Pinus armandii) – Asia
Lacebark Pine (Pinus bungeana) – Asia
Swiss Pine (Pinus cembra)
Mexican Pinyon, Mexican Pine Nut, Mexican Stone Pine (Pinus cembroides)
Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri)
Colorado Pinion/Pinyon/Piñon, Rocky Mountain Piñon (Pinus edulis)
Chilgoza Pine (Pinus gerardiana) – Asia (western Himalayas)
Korean Nut Pine, Chinese Nut Pine (Pinus koraiensis)
Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana) – North America
Single-leaf Pinyon (Pinus monophylla) – North America
Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine, Parasol Pine (Pinus pinea)
Siberian Dwarf Pine (Pinus pumila) – Asia
Parry Pinyon (Pinus quadrifolia) – North America
Gray Pine (Pinus sabineana) – North America
Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica) – Asia
Torrey Pine (Pinus torreyana) – North America

( information By Temperate Climate Permaculture)

Harvesting  Pine Nuts

Producing pine nuts can take up to 6 to 10 years. When the trees are producing large cones, it is time to harvest them all depending on the height of the trees. This can cause a big problem in pin nut production.

Health Benefits 

Manganese: 123% RDA
Vitamin K: 19% RDA
Copper: 19% RDA
Magnesium: 18% RDA
Phosphorus: 16% RDA
Vitamin E: 13% RDA

Cashew Nuts

Cashew nuts have the best creamy  taste plan or salted they go down like a treat for the body once you start you just can not stop.

Where Did Cashews Originate?
The cashew, known botanically as Anacardium occidental, is the seed of a tropical evergreen shrub related to mango, pistachio and poison ivy. Originating in Brazil, the cashew plant made its way to India and East Africa in the 16th century via Portuguese sailors.

Commercial growers in the 21st century cultivate cashews in warm, humid climates across the globe, with Vietnam, Nigeria, India, Brazil and Indonesia among the top producers of 23 cashew countries.

What Is a Cashew?
The seeds of most fruits grow within the flesh, but the cashew seed hangs from the bottom of a cashew “apple,” essentially a swollen stem. Fresh cashew apples taste delicious, but only growers and people living near cashew orchards get to enjoy the highly perishable fruit. Cashew apples begin to ferment immediately after they’re picked and last barely 24 hours, thwarting any attempt to bring them to a global market.

 

Harvesting of Cashew Nuts.

The apples and nuts will form in the winter or dry season. Cashew harvesting can take place about two months after the fruit has set, when the apple takes on a pink or red cast and the nut turns grey. Alternatively, you can wait until the fruit falls to the ground, when you know it’s ripe.

Health Benefits of Cashew Nuts.

Cashew are a very popular nut because they have wonderful health benefits here are 7 reasons why you should add them to your daily consumption  and they are packed with vitamins and nutrients.

  1. Cancer Prevention
  2. Heart Health
  3. Hair and Skin health
  4. Bone Health,
  5. Good for your nerves
  6. Prevents gall stones
  7. Weight loss.

Copper: 31% RDA
Manganese: 23% RDA
Magnesium: 20% RDA
Phosphorus: 17% RDA
Vitamin K: 12% RDA
Iron: 10% RDA

Hazelnuts

Prehistoric Humans Loved Hazelnuts
Hazelnuts have been consumed by humans since prehistoric times. Evidence of the cultivation of hazelnuts exists in excavations sites in China that date back over 5,000 years ago. An ancient manuscript also listed hazelnuts as one of China’s five sacred foods. Archaeologists have found large quantities of hazelnut shells in Mesolithic and Neolithic sites in what is now Sweden, Denmark, and Germany. The Mesolithic era, or Middle Stone Age, dates back around 10,000 years ago until the Neolithic period, which started 7,000 years ago. Hazelnuts were a large part of the prehistoric hunter and gatherer’s diet, and the nuts probably provided them with enough nutrition to sustain them between hunting seasons. ( Hazelnut Hill)

Harvesting Time

Flower clusters appear in the late winter or early spring, usually between February and March. After successful flower pollination, filberts begin to develop. As a result, harvesting time for these hazelnuts is commonly in October. Developing mature nuts in the beginning of the fall period allows the tree to finish its growing and reproducing season before the colder winter months arrive; the tree will be dormant until the next spring.

Did you Know this

Hazelnuts bushes are classified as woody agriculture. They help slow climate change down by offsetting the build up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Hazelnut shells are safe and efficient fuel which can help lessen the demand for wood and other energy sources.

Health Benefits of Hazelnuts

Nature really has given us everything we need to live health and strong and hazelnuts have a amazing powers for the body to help it on a every day basses. Here are 8 benefits of Hazelnuts.

  1. Cardiovascular health                                                             7) Excellent source of energy
  2. Slows Alzheimer Disease                                                       8) Stabilize good and bad cholesterol
  3. Promotes Healthy blood
  4. High in Fiber
  5. Bone and Joint Health
  6. Digestive Tract

Manganese: 86% RDA
Copper: 24% RDA
Vitamin E: 21% RDA
Vitamin B1: 12% RDA
Magnesium: 11% RDA
Vitamin B6: 8% RDA

 By:

Ace Nut Traders cc / Bestnut